Banana Yucca


Scientific Name: Yucca baccata

Common Name: Banana Yucca
Family: Asparagaceae

Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 30 feet or so.
Growth Form: Shrub, subshrub; growth form variable - stemless or with multiple stems in clumps and short ascending stems; (acaulescent or short caulescent); forming colonies of rosettes.

Leaves: Green, bluish green; rigid, often twisted, margins brown and with coarse broad fibers (filiferous), curling, spine-tipped; leaves reaching up to 30 inches high and twice as wide.
Flower Color: Cream, whitish-cream, may be tinged with purple; flowers showy, monecious, hanging or drooping; petals and sepals similar (tepals); inflorescence up to 3 feet or more high tall, flowering stalk often within the leaves; flowers paniculate; fruit indehiscent, succulent.
Flowering Season: April to July.

Threatened/Endangered Information: In North America Yucca baccata is listed as "Salvage Restricted" and "Harvest Restricted" by the state of Arizona;

Comments: Yucca baccata is one of the most important resources for southwestern North American indigenous peoples. Almost all parts of the Banana Yuccas are used including stalks, leaves, flowers, fruits and roots.  Banana Yucca is available for desert landscaping. Banana Yucca is often a dominant or co-dominant species in Sonoran desert communities.  This may be related in part to its ability to grow back from rhizomes and basal stems below the ground following range fires.